Relevant Issues (2 of 26)
Why are some issues greyed out?The SASB Standards vary by industry based on the different sustainability-related risks and opportunities within an industry. The issues in grey were not identified during the standard-setting process as the most likely to be useful to investors, so they are not included in the Standard. Over time, as the ISSB continues to receive market feedback, some issues may be added or removed from the Standard. Each company determines which sustainability-related risks and opportunities are relevant to its business. The Standard is designed for the typical company in an industry, but individual companies may choose to report on different sustainability-related risks and opportunities based on their unique business model.
- GHG Emissions
- Air Quality
- Energy Management
- Water & Wastewater Management
- Waste & Hazardous Materials Management
- Ecological Impacts
- Human Rights & Community Relations
- Customer Privacy
- Data Security
- Access & Affordability
- Product Quality & Safety
- Customer Welfare
Selling Practices & Product LabelingThe category addresses social issues that may arise from a failure to manage the transparency, accuracy, and comprehensibility of marketing statements, advertising, and labeling of products and services. It includes, but is not limited to, advertising standards and regulations, ethical and responsible marketing practices, misleading or deceptive labeling, as well as discriminatory or predatory selling and lending practices. This may include deceptive or aggressive selling practices in which incentive structures for employees could encourage the sale of products or services that are not in the best interest of customers or clients.
- Labour Practices
- Employee Health & Safety
- Employee Engagement, Diversity & Inclusion
Business Model and Innovation
- Product Design & Lifecycle Management
- Business Model Resilience
- Supply Chain Management
- Materials Sourcing & Efficiency
Physical Impacts of Climate ChangeThe category addresses the company’s ability to manage risks and opportunities associated with direct exposure of its owned or controlled assets and operations to actual or potential physical impacts of climate change. It captures environmental and social issues that may arise from operational disruptions due to physical impacts of climate change. It further captures socio-economic issues resulting from companies failing to incorporate climate change consideration in products and services sold, such as insurance policies and mortgages. The category relates to the company’s ability to adapt to increased frequency and severity of extreme weather, shifting climate, sea level risk, and other expected physical impacts of climate change. Management may involve enhancing resiliency of physical assets and/or surrounding infrastructure as well as incorporation of climate change-related considerations into key business activities (e.g., mortgage and insurance underwriting, planning and development of real estate projects).
Leadership and Governance
- Business Ethics
- Competitive Behaviour
- Management of the Legal & Regulatory Environment
- Critical Incident Risk Management
- Systemic Risk Management
Disclosure Topics (Industry specific) for: Mortgage Finance
The approach mortgage finance entities take when incentivising employees and how they communicate with customers is important for more than one reason. First, the incentive structures and compensation policies of loan originators may unintentionally encourage them to promote lending products and services unsuitable for their clients. Second, a lack of transparency provided to customers with respect to primary and add-on products may impair an entity’s reputation and invite regulatory scrutiny and costly litigation. Finally, as a consequence, the resulting client portfolios may contain a high concentration of risky products sold. Also, laws and regulations restricting predatory lending may prohibit mortgage originators from receiving compensation tied to loan value and may require additional disclosures be provided to borrowers. Entities that develop transparent information, give fair advice to customers and clearly disclose their lending practices may assist shareholders in determining which entities better protect shareholder value.
The Mortgage Finance industry aggregates data to determine loan terms and conditions including important provisions such as loan size, interest rate, up-front points or other fees. However, the complex process may result in intentional or unintentional discriminatory lending practices by the mortgage originator. Discriminatory lending may result in fines or settlements for violations of regulations, increased reputational risk, and negative financial performance because of loan mispricing. Disclosing internal processes to ensure non-discriminatory lending, disclosing the amount of mortgage lending categorised by minority status along with relevant financial characteristics, and disclosing the amount of monetary losses resulting from legal proceedings associated with violations of applicable laws and regulations may help investors assess entity performance. Entities in the Mortgage Finance industry may reduce the risk of discriminatory lending, including unintended discriminatory lending, by implementing strong processes, enforcing internal controls, and proactively monitoring their loan portfolio, among other techniques.
Environmental Risk to Mortgaged Properties
An increase in the frequency of extreme weather events associated with climate change may have an adverse impact on the Mortgage Finance industry. Specifically, hurricanes, floods and other climate change-related events have the potential to result in missed payments and loan defaults, while also decreasing the value of underlying assets. Entities which incorporate climate-related risks into lending analysis may be better positioned to create value over the long-term.