Wind Technology & Project Developers

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Wind Technology & Project Developers manufacture wind turbines, blades, towers and other components of wind power systems. Entities that develop, build and manage wind energy projects also are included within this industry scope. Manufacturers also may offer post-sale maintenance and support services. Turbines may be installed onshore or offshore, which can create differences in wind-generating capacity and project development challenges for each type of installation. Most major wind technology entities operate globally.

Relevant Issues (3 of 26)

Why are some issues greyed out? The SASB Standards vary by industry based on the different sustainability-related risks and opportunities within an industry. The issues in grey were not identified during the standard-setting process as the most likely to be useful to investors, so they are not included in the Standard. Over time, as the ISSB continues to receive market feedback, some issues may be added or removed from the Standard. Each company determines which sustainability-related risks and opportunities are relevant to its business. The Standard is designed for the typical company in an industry, but individual companies may choose to report on different sustainability-related risks and opportunities based on their unique business model.

Disclosure Topics

What is the relationship between General Issue Category and Disclosure Topics? The General Issue Category is an industry-agnostic version of the Disclosure Topics that appear in each SASB Standard. Disclosure topics represent the industry-specific impacts of General Issue Categories. The industry-specific Disclosure Topics ensure each SASB Standard is tailored to the industry, while the General Issue Categories enable comparability across industries. For example, Health & Nutrition is a disclosure topic in the Non-Alcoholic Beverages industry, representing an industry-specific measure of the general issue of Customer Welfare. The issue of Customer Welfare, however, manifests as the Counterfeit Drugs disclosure topic in the Biotechnology & Pharmaceuticals industry.
General Issue Category
(Industry agnostic)

Disclosure Topics (Industry specific) for: Wind Technology & Project Developers

Employee Health & Safety
  • Workforce Health & Safety

    Many wind turbine manufacturers offer operations and maintenance (O&M) services for wind farm owners or operators together with product sales. These activities may include installation, maintenance, monitoring and repairing turbine installations. The wind farm O&M segment maintains a high safety standard because the work is inherently hazardous. Hazards include physical hazards such as falls from heights and moving mechanical parts, as well as electrical hazards. The quality of O&M services therefore is critical for the safety of wind farm operations, with the potential to affect entity reputations and demand for products and services. Operational downtime and effects on wind farm insurance costs because of accidents may add to wind farm operating costs. Wind farm owners or developers therefore may consider turbine and service provider safety records in requests for tender. Entities that improve turbine and O&M safety may reduce operating costs and extraordinary expenses.
Product Design & Lifecycle Management
  • Ecological Impacts of Project Development

    Wind farm development involves siting, land acquisition, permitting and engagement with local stakeholders to manage environmental and community impacts. Offshore developments may affect the marine ecosystem, and both on and offshore wind farms may have adverse effects on local animal populations, some of which may be endangered. Obtaining environmental and construction permits for projects may be delayed or prevented if regulators or community members have concerns about the ecological impacts of the development. Wind project approval directly affects equipment manufacturers through demand for turbines. Although manufacturers typically do not control the project approval process, research and development investments may minimise ecological impacts, resulting in long-term benefits. These measures could facilitate project approvals and give wind technology manufacturers a competitive advantage, potentially increasing their market share over time.
Materials Sourcing & Efficiency
  • Materials Sourcing

    Wind technology entities source materials from global supply chains for use in turbines, including critical materials, such as neodymium and dysprosium, and critical minerals including tantalum and tungsten. Materials sourcing risks result from a low substitution ratio, the concentration of deposits in a few countries, geopolitical considerations, and competition from other industries. Direct drive turbines, which increasingly are being used for reliability, may require significantly more critical materials than more traditional drive trains. Entities may minimise negative externalities and protect themselves from related input cost volatility and supply constraints by creating transparent supply chains, sourcing materials from reliable suppliers or regions that have minimal environmental or social risks associated with them, supporting research into alternative inputs, and reducing reliance on these materials.
  • Materials Efficiency

    The Wind Technology & Project Developers industry’s long-term success depends on producing energy at a comparatively lower cost than other energy sources. Steel and other materials purchases are one of the largest costs of turbines, and inputs such as steel have exhibited price volatility in the past. In recent years, wind turbines have grown in size, in terms of both the tower height and the swept area of the rotor, to improve energy output and increase the potential for wind energy production in more areas. To achieve this expansion cost-effectively, entities may employ innovative methods to increase turbine output while using materials more efficiently. Increased output and efficiency could influence entities’ competitiveness and market share, costs of production, and operational risks related to the supply and price volatility of raw materials, as well as the ability of the entity to scale.

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