Oil & Gas – Services

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Current language: English
Oil and gas services entities drill under contract, manufacture equipment, or provide support services. Drilling and drilling-support entities drill for oil and natural gas on-shore and off-shore on a contract basis for oil and natural gas exploration and production (E&P) entities. For on-shore exploration and production, entities in the oilfield services segment manufacture equipment used in the extraction, storage and transportation of oil and natural gas. For off-shore, entities in this segment may manufacture jack-up rigs, semisubmersible rigs, drill ships and a range of other exploration equipment. They also provide support services such as seismic surveying, equipment rental, well cementing and well monitoring. These services commonly are provided on a contractual basis, and the customer purchases or leases the materials and equipment from the service provider. Service entities also may provide personnel or subject matter expertise as part of their scope of service. The contractual relationship between oil and gas services entities and their customers plays a significant role in determining the material impacts of their sustainability performance. Besides the rates charged, entities compete based on their operational and safety performance, technology and process offerings, project management performance, and reputation.

Relevant Issues (8 of 26)

Why are some issues greyed out? The SASB Standards vary by industry based on the different sustainability-related risks and opportunities within an industry. The issues in grey were not identified during the standard-setting process as the most likely to be useful to investors, so they are not included in the Standard. Over time, as the ISSB continues to receive market feedback, some issues may be added or removed from the Standard. Each company determines which sustainability-related risks and opportunities are relevant to its business. The Standard is designed for the typical company in an industry, but individual companies may choose to report on different sustainability-related risks and opportunities based on their unique business model.

Disclosure Topics

What is the relationship between General Issue Category and Disclosure Topics? The General Issue Category is an industry-agnostic version of the Disclosure Topics that appear in each SASB Standard. Disclosure topics represent the industry-specific impacts of General Issue Categories. The industry-specific Disclosure Topics ensure each SASB Standard is tailored to the industry, while the General Issue Categories enable comparability across industries. For example, Health & Nutrition is a disclosure topic in the Non-Alcoholic Beverages industry, representing an industry-specific measure of the general issue of Customer Welfare. The issue of Customer Welfare, however, manifests as the Counterfeit Drugs disclosure topic in the Biotechnology & Pharmaceuticals industry.
General Issue Category
(Industry agnostic)

Disclosure Topics (Industry specific) for: Oil & Gas – Services

GHG Emissions
  • Emissions Reduction Services & Fuels Management

    Although direct greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and associated regulatory risks are relatively low for Oil & Gas - Services providers relative to other industries, emissions from the operations of their customers—the Exploration & Production (E&P) entities—can be significant. Emissions include GHGs that can contribute to climate change as well as other air pollutants that can have significant localised human health and environmental impacts. Increasing regulation and high costs of fuels associated with these emissions present substantial risk to E&P entities. Entities are seeking ways to lower their emissions, including converting pumps and engines to run on natural gas and electricity instead of diesel fuel. Oil & Gas - Services entities compete for contracts partly based on providing innovative, efficient technologies that can help E&P entities reduce operating costs and improve process efficiencies. Services entities can gain a competitive advantage, grow revenue and secure market share by providing customers with services and equipment to reduce GHG, fugitive and flared emissions and fuel consumption.
Water & Wastewater Management
  • Water Management Services

    Oil and gas development often requires large quantities of water, exposing producers to the risks of water scarcity, water use regulations and related cost increases, particularly in water-stressed regions. Producers also must manage wastewater disposal risks and costs. As such, service entities that develop superior technologies and processes, such as closed-loop water recycling systems to reduce customers’ water consumption and disposal costs, may gain market share and increase revenue, because drilling and wastewater management can be a significant competitive factor for their customers.
Waste & Hazardous Materials Management
  • Chemicals Management

    Oil & Gas – Services entities produce oilfield chemicals as well as drilling and hydraulic fracturing fluids based on demand from Exploration & Production (E&P) entities. Although leaks from a properly drilled and completed well are rare, contamination of local water resources can result from contact with hydraulic fracturing fluids and produced water. Contamination may arise from issues related to poor well integrity. Public concerns about some chemicals used in hydraulic fracturing fluids have, in some regions, resulted in fracturing bans, legislative proposals and other regulations to mandate disclosure of chemicals used. The precise chemical composition of hydraulic fracturing fluids is often proprietary, and entities compete to create the most effective formulas. Because of public and regulatory attention to the potential hazards of drilling fluids, entities that effectively manage well development and asset integrity issues, the production and use of non-hazardous fracking fluids, and the per well reduction of drilling fluid volumes, may increase their market share, grow revenues and reduce the regulatory risk affecting their products.
Ecological Impacts
  • Ecological Impact Management

    Oil and gas exploration and development activities and associated services and support activities can have significant impacts on biodiversity and ecosystems. Entities operating sites in ecologically sensitive areas or that are resource-intensive operations must effectively manage the disposal of drilling and associated wastes, well decommissioning, land use, and potential fuel spills. Producers face regulatory risks and permitting barriers to protect ecosystems from potential issues related to site development, drilling, underground waste injection, well decommissioning and site remediation. Entities that offer cost-effective, efficient production and decommissioning technologies that mitigate biodiversity impacts by reducing land use, drilling wastes and spills can decrease the associated risks for their customers and gain a competitive advantage.
Employee Health & Safety
  • Workforce Health & Safety

    Workers in the Oil & Gas – Services industry may face significant health and safety risks related to the harsh working environments and handling potentially volatile hydrocarbons and hazardous wastes. In addition to acute impacts resulting from accidents, workers may develop chronic health conditions, such as those caused by silica or dust inhalation, as well as mental health problems. A significant proportion of the workforce at oil and gas drilling sites consists of temporary workers and employees of entities in the Oil & Gas – Services industry. Health impacts on, and the safety performance of, such workers can affect entities directly by adversely affecting worker productivity and increasing costs. Entities compete based on their reputation and ability to perform activities consistently and safely. Customers evaluate accidents, spills, injuries and fatalities as important factors in awarding contracts to entities.
Business Ethics
  • Business Ethics & Payments Transparency

    With operations around the world, entities in the Oil & Gas – Services industry interact with many government and local officials, either directly or through agents, to secure contracts with state-owned oil entities and multinational corporations. Bribery, corruption and the transparency of payments to governments may be significant issues, depending on the region and jurisdiction. Anti-corruption, anti-bribery, and payments transparency laws and initiatives create regulatory mechanisms to reduce the risk of misconduct. Violations of these could result in significant one-time costs or higher compliance costs, whereas successful compliance with such regulations could avoid adverse outcomes. Entities are under pressure to ensure their governance structures and practices can monitor and manage the risks associated with corruption, wilful or unintentional participation in illegal or unethical payments, or with gifts to government officials or private individuals.
Management of the Legal & Regulatory Environment
  • Management of the Legal & Regulatory Environment

    The Oil & Gas – Services industry is subject to numerous sustainability-related regulations and a rapidly changing regulatory environment. Entities in the industry regularly participate in the regulatory and legislative process on a wide variety of environmental and societal issues, and they may do so directly or through representation by an industry association. Entities may participate in these processes to ensure industry views are represented in the development of regulations affecting the industry, as well as to represent shareholder interests. However, such attempts to influence environmental laws and regulations may have an adverse effect on entities’ reputations with stakeholders and ultimately affect the entity’s social licence to operate. Entities that can balance these tensions may be better positioned to respond to medium-to-long-term regulatory developments.
Critical Incident Risk Management
  • Critical Incident Risk Management

    Entities in the Oil & Gas – Services industry are subject to significant risks associated with low-probability, high-consequence events associated with oil and gas exploration, development and production activities. Such events may result in multiple fatalities, significant property damage or significant adverse effects on the environment. Entities may be affected indirectly through safety incidents or emergencies affecting their Exploration & Production (E&P) industry clients. Significant incidents can have wide-ranging negative social and environmental consequences, for which both E&P and Services entities may be held liable. Entities compete based on their reputation and ability to perform activities on a consistently safe basis. In addition to effective process safety management practices, many entities prioritise developing a strong culture of safety to reduce the probability of accidents and other health and safety incidents. If accidents and other emergencies do occur, entities with a strong safety culture are often able to detect and respond to such incidents more effectively. A culture that engages and empowers employees and contractors to work with management and entities in the E&P industry to safeguard their own health, safety and well-being, and to prevent accidents, is likely to help entities reduce risks to their financial value.

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